Transnational Crime Reporting
Mythical numbers and political symbolism are governing ideologies in the world of cross-border crime. Fictitious numbers, in this case, refers to the use of figures and statistics that are highly characterized by ambiguity. In essence, the reporters, researchers as well as the media personnel consider the validity of the clarification ambiguously. It is a viewpoint the considerably questions the validity of reports concerning transnational crimes by government and non-government institutions. However, trust from the stories is subject to the capacity of breaking the loop of ambiguity mainly because it is the contributing factor in enhancing the development of mythical figures to establish the essential political symbolism (Andreas 25). The interdependence between mythological figures, political symbolism, and ambiguity pose vested biasness by organizations in their reports.
Political symbolism is the aspect of relevance from the reflection of significant influence primarily through numbers. Andreas, in his book, postulates that the majority of the mythical figures found in reports are pillars of power to the politicians. One of the examples is the global worth of the economy on illicit trade that was reported in the 1990s as ranging from $45 to $280 billion by a researcher, but the report lacks support from politicians. The institution responsible that is the Financial Action Task Force is thus denied the attention in budget allocation (Andreas 26). In a different scenario, the Law Enforcement Agencies seek appropriate budget allocations by the government through their efficiency in the figures of drug control in seizures and arrests. As a result, it has become a foundation for the rivalries among the border patrols as well as customs in American and Mexican border (Andreas 30). Majority of these agencies lack the objectivity of the exact figures due to the consequence of honesty in missing the recognition (Kurt 46). Therefore, they are compelled to distort the statistics as a competitive baseline against the competitors. The political influence and role in the running of these institutions become a proponent for incredibility in the reports.
Information that is characterized by attractive figures from authoritative sources under the ambiguity ideology develops a fictional fact baseline. In this case, a comparison between two information sources showcases the difference between objectivity and subjectivity and thus the motive aspect of organizations. The Transparency International conducted research and posted their report and deductions on the website in 2017. The study was based on the rate of fighting corruption across 180 countries. They indicate that the majority of the nations featured high rates of fighting crime in regards to the frequency of journalists’ assassinations (International). However, the organization fails the quote and clarify the methodology of data collection and analysis, establishing the concept of ambiguity. Ambiguity is an agent of manipulation and subjectivity. As a result, the report highly weighs on the proportion of false conceptions that seek to influence the audience and parties interested.
On the other hand, research is conducted by one of the United Nations branches that is the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime concerning human trafficking. In the bid to establish the credibility of the data analysis report, UNODC presents a review that highlights the methodology of a survey on data collection as well as the monitoring process to avoid the manipulation of the figures (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime). The critical difference between the UNODC report on the website and Transparency International lies in the transparency of the source of information. It is the aspect that showcases the credibility of mythologies and political symbolism.
Trust is a vulnerable philosophy that is mainly influenced by the level of transparency. The interdependence between mythical figures, political symbolism, and ambiguity pose vested biasness by organizations in their reports. Both governmental and non-governmental agencies are subject to influence by political symbolism hence presenting false information. Political symbolism, in this case, is the use of information that poses a more significant impact as the basis for policy implementations and allocation of financial resources. As a result, the institutions developing reports utilize the element of ambiguity as an avenue towards reporting the incredible mythological figures as the unquestionable confidence.
Andreas, Peter. “The politics of measuring illicit flows and policy effectiveness.” Sex, drugs, and body count: The politics of numbers in global crime and conflict (2010): 23-45.
International, Transparency. “Corruption Perceptions Index 2017” (2018). https://www.transparency.org/news/feature/corruption_perceptions_index_2017
Kurtz, Donald V. Political anthropology: power and paradigms. Routledge (2018): 46
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. “Global Report on Trafficking of Person (2009-2016). (2018). http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/data-and-analysis/glotip.html
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