events of the most intense Cholera outbreak in Victorian London
The Ghost Map is a book authored by Steven Johnson and released on 19th October 2006 and illustrates the events of the most intense Cholera outbreak in Victorian London. This article discusses the author’s feelings on the theme of the scientific process and states its position regarding these feelings. The article also gives an insight into whether the author shows bias towards the topic of the scientific process. The article also evaluates if the author explains the topic of the scientific process using facts or allows his personal judgments to get in the way. The article also assesses the use of sarcasm, irony and figurative language in the flow of ideas. Finally, the article makes a personal connection in relation to the theme of death and provides examples as part of the explanation.
In summary, The Ghost Map is a description of the most extreme outbreak of the waterborne disease Cholera in the history of London city at the time of the Victorian period. The book stems from the concept gemeinschaft where people in a community of common ideologies, language and history are all in synergy to combat the adverse effects and prevalence of an epidemic that is posing a significant threat to the existence of persons in society. The book glorifies tow primary protagonists who work direly hard to ease the situation in London and initiate efforts to salvage the situation. One of these protagonists is Dr. John Snow who took the initiative to delineate the outbreak hotspot areas on a map providing a geographical representation of cholera cases. The other protagonist was Reverend Henry Whitehead who had an extensive understanding of the ways of the local community and which assisted in the determination of the cause of the initially reported cases. Dr. Snow was a highly extended anesthetist and had conducted extensive research on epidemiology in London. Furthermore, in the 1850s, he had found the primary source of the cholera contamination to be the Broad Street pump. It is from here that laboratory analysis pointed to the presence of diseases causing microorganisms. The casualties from this outbreak were numerous with an estimate of 50,000-60,000 persons living in London losing their lives in the period between 1848 and 1849. Furthermore, from the period between 1853 and 1854, an additional 30,000 died of Cholera. The cholera outbreak from 1848-49 killed approximately 54,000-62,000 in London, and the outbreak from 1853-54 killed an estimated 31,000 in London.
the feeling of happiness, relief, and encouragement
Johnson has a feeling of happiness, relief, and encouragement from the topic of the scientific process; the commitment of the protagonists towards the establishment of efforts aimed at suppressing the impacts of cholera in the society. Johnson writes, “There is, first, his [Dr. Snow’s] composure and probing intelligence in a time of great chaos, but also his willingness to challenge orthodoxy, or at least submit it to empirical scrutiny” (Johnson 53). Johnson happily exemplifies some of the initiatives in science led by Snow showcasing how he went out of the breadth of his profession as an anesthesiologist to the field of epidemiology that is the study of the spread of diseases to reach to the bottom of the outbreak. Johnson writes showing a sign of relief when Snow finally concludes on a working hypothesis that cholera is waterborne. It is from this point that Johnson continues to narrate the development of a healthier society and the establishment of the cause of the outbreak. This article agrees with the feelings of Johnson since the outbreak had been troublesome to the people of London and therefore his encouragement, relief, and happiness from the scientific process taken are justifiable through his insights on the length that these initiatives went to find the cause and suppression of the disease.
bias towards the topic scientific process
Johnson shows bias towards the topic scientific process through his extensive narration covering how Snow conducted research in pursuit of the cause of the outbreak. Also, he alludes to the successful suppression of the virulence of the disease to the efforts done by Dr. Snow. Also, by choosing a determined medical researcher and narrating of his will to shift from anesthetics to epidemiology then he shows his insistence on the necessity for a scientific process in resolving the cholera outbreak.
This article feels that Johnson bases his argument on facts rather than allowing his personal judgments to get in the way of his narration. The most important events that reveal conclusions based on scientific facts are; one, the effort to examine the samples of drinking water using microscopy. From the findings, Snow concludes “In a low-transmission environment, lethal strains die out, and mild ones come to dominate the population. In high-transmission environments, the lethal strains quickly outnumber the mild ones.” (Johnson 34). Instead of relying on personal judgments or beliefs about what could be the source of the contamination, Johnson narrates of how Snow went a mile ahead to perform scientific confirmatory texts that could detect the presence of microorganisms and the conclusions thereof. Furthermore, Johnson gives a narration of the way Snow analyses the weekly statistics on instances of cholera in Victorian London. It through this study that Snow starts to delineate geographical patterns from which eventually he draws a map; “ghost map” (Johnson 57). Therefore, the scientific tests of microscopy and the analyses of the statistics point to the use of facts rather than an assessment based on personal judgment or beliefs.
The Ghost Map reveals the use of figurative language, sarcasm, and irony. Johnson states that “London is a city of scavengers” (Johnson 1). Here Johnson is using figurative language to refer to the lifestyle of the people of Victorian London who are living in poor condition and who cannot access healthy water. It is sarcastic for Johnsons to state “Imagine living with that sword of Damocles hovering above your head – every stomach pain or watery stool a potential harbinger of imminent doom” (Johnson 33). By stating this quote, then Johnson is almost ignoring the fact that the residents had not yet found the cause of the outbreak and is assuming that the residents were simply allowing the outbreak to overburden them. Johnson finds it ironical how people who considered themselves intelligent could not figure out the right things to do or even challenge their very thought processes. Johnson asks “How could so many intelligent people be so grievously wrong for such an extended period of time? How could they ignore so much overwhelming evidence that contradicted their most basic theories?” (Johnson 15). It is the inability of intelligent people to redeem themselves of wrongness, to impartially analyze facts and to challenge their theories that irony emerges. Therefore the book has extensive use of sarcasm, irony and figurative language.
The personal connection that emerges from the topic of the scientific process is the value of facts that emerge from a credible process. It is commonly stated that facts and figures do not lie. I have been the victim of allowing my personal beliefs get in the way of making my decisions rather than sticking to the scientific process. As an example, I once purchased the exact medicine prescribed to me at a time when I was undergoing the same signs and symptoms during a previous period. After these drugs failed to work I had to undergo a medical test which revealed a different diagnosis. The connection here is that a scientific process as highlighted in the book carries more weight in the presentation of facts rather than allowing personal judgments and beliefs to get in the way.
In conclusion, Johnson has a feeling of happiness, relief, and encouragement from the topic of the scientific process; the commitment of the protagonists towards the establishment of efforts aimed at suppressing the impacts of cholera in the society. Johnson shows bias towards the topic scientific process through his extensive narration covering how Snow conducted research in pursuit of the cause of the outbreak. This article feels that Johnson bases his argument on facts rather than allowing his personal judgments to get in the way of his narration through the scientific tests of microscopy and the analyses of the statistics of weekly cases of cholera. Also, The Ghost Map reveals the use of figurative language, sarcasm, and irony. Finally, the personal connection that emerges from the topic of the scientific process is the value of facts that emerge from a credible process.
Johnson, Steven. The ghost map: The story of London’s most terrifying epidemic–and how it changed science, cities, and the modern world. Penguin, 2006.
Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?
- Plagiarism free papers
- Timely delivery
- Any deadline
- Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
- Subject-relevant academic writer
- Adherence to paper instructions
- Ability to tackle bulk assignments
- Reasonable prices
- 24/7 Customer Support
- Get superb grades consistently
Online Academic Help With Different Subjects
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
What discipline/subjects do you deal in?
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
What if I don’t like the paper?
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
- When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
- We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.
In the event that you don’t like your paper:
- The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
- We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
- Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.
Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
What if the paper is plagiarized?
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
When will I get my paper?
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
Will anyone find out that I used your services?
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
How our Assignment Help Service Works
1. Place an order
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
2. Pay for the order
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
3. Track the progress
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
4. Download the paper
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!