Teenage Girls Involved in Abusive Dating Relationships
Aggression in teenage dating leading to physical, emotional and psychological damage is a social problem not only because of its effects on the teenagers but also because of its prevalence.
Howard and Qi Wang (2003) report figures from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention showing that overall the prevalence of non-sexual courtship violence ranges from 9% to 65%, depending on the definitions and research methods used. Howard and Qi Wang’s study reported “almost one in ten of the 9th- through 12th-grade females who participated in the 1999 Youth Risk Behavior Survey reported being a victim of physical dating violence (i.e., had been hit, slapped, or physically hurt on purpose) within the past year.” Further studies and figures report that about one in five of adolescent girls has experienced dating violence. Some of the physically abusive behaviors perpetrated in dating include being scratched, slapped, slammed or held against a wall, kicked, bitten, forced to have sex, choked, and pushed, grabbed, or shoved, as well as having their arms twisted and fingers bent. Dating violence or abuse refers not only to physical violence but also to the psychological and emotional abuse that can result from the relationship. Some of the reported psychological victimization in a dating relationship include “their partners did something to make them feel jealous, damaged their possessions, said things to hurt their feelings, insulted them in front of others, tried to control them, threatened them, blamed them for bad things the dating partners did, and brought up something from the past to hurt them” (James et. Al.2000). These effects indicate that dating violence among adolescents is not only a social issue but also a health issue and even an educational one, since the emotional and psychological damage affects the student’s ability to concentrate and attend school effectively.
Why do boys abuse?
O’Keefe (1997 in James et al., 2000) reported that high school males were more likely to harm a dating partner if they had witnessed interparental violence, believed that male-female dating violence was justifiable, used alcohol or other drugs, were the recipients of dating violence, and had experienced more conflict in their dating relationships. Additional research by O’Keefe (1998 in James et. Al 2000) indicated that among adolescent males who witnessed high levels of violence between their parents, those who abused their dating partners were differentiated from those who had violence-free relationships by the following variables: low socioeconomic status, exposure to community and school violence, acceptance of violence in dating relationships, and low self-esteem. A fundamental factor found to lead to problems in relationships in adolescence is child abuse. The cumulative effects of maltreatment during childhood affect the mental health and ability of the adolescent to manage his own emotions and to interpret and adjust to others’ emotions. This leads to problems in interpersonal reactions with peers.
Warning signs that male is abusive
Bush (2002) presents a comprehensive list of signs of teen dating abuse. Things to specifically look for in the boy’s behavior include calling her name or putting her down in private or public, always checking up on her, calling or paging her and demanding to know where she is at all times. Jealousy when she talks to other boys is another sure sign. Girls should also be aware of how the boy handles his emotions especially anger. If he displays anger behavior such as breaking things or hitting, chances are that he will display abusive behavior in the relationship.
Alcohol consumption in the male is another sign that sexual abusiveness may occur.
What kind of girls become targeted.
Behavioral correlates associated with dating violence victimization, among girls at least, include use of a variety of illicit substances, unhealthy weight control practices, sexual risk behaviors, and suicidality. Howard and Qi Wang’s study reported three main variables that correlated with girls being abused while dating. These were emotional state of the girls, (a recent experience of having felt sad or hopeless was associated with over a twofold increase in the likelihood of being a victim of dating violence), use of illicit substances, (girls who reported binge drinking and cocaine use over the previous month were also more likely to be victims), and sexual risk behaviors, (those who did not use condoms or had two or more partners in the previous three months). Further, James et al. (2000) include poor school performance, and experiencing child abuse as additional factors that differentiated females who experienced dating violence and those who did not.
However although some studies show a predominance of factors that tend to suggest the type of girl that are prone to dating violence, it is important not to give in to stereotypes. Otherwise it might lead researchers and others to miss some girls who really need help but may not fit into the stereotypes.
Detrimental effects on the females.
It is obvious that any kind of physical or emotional abuse will have detrimental effects on the victim. Although the physical scars may eventually fade, emotional scars are harder to eliminate.
Feelings of fear and low self-esteem linger long after the abuse has ended, especially if the victim has not had opportunities to be counseled and supported to heal from the hurts. High-school girls who were victims of dating violence have been found to be eight to nine times more likely to attempt suicide and four to six times more likely to become pregnant than peers who weren’t abused. Gillies-Bradley and Wagner (2003) report, “About 80% of the pregnant and parenting teens who seek assistance from Family Service Regina are victims of dating abuse.”
Further, physical aggression in adolescent romantic relationships may be associated with the learning of maladaptive conflict resolution techniques that will be used in future romantic relationships. (Chase et al. 1998).
Significance of the problem.
As stated before the significance of this problem is reflected in the high prevalence of violence, both physical and mental, experienced by teenage girls from males who they are supposedly close to. Rickert et al. (2003) state, “Adolescent and young adult women report the highest rates of violence perpetrated by an intimate partner. In fact, women aged 16 to 24 years experienced the highest per capita rates of intimate partner violence (IPV), with 19.6 victims per 1,000 women.”
Since forced sexual contact between dating partners is not always considered rape, it is difficult for the girl to report and be appropriately treated for what can be considered a violent act in a relationship. Many girls therefore are hesitant to report or seek help if a dating partner has abused them.
One of the consequences of dating violence is seen in the subsequent sexual behavior of the teenager. According to Rickert et al. (2003), “data recently published suggest that African-American females who had a history of dating violence were almost three times more likely to have an STD, to have nonmonogamous male partners, and half as likely to use condoms consistently than those African-American females without such a history. These adolescents were also significantly more likely to be afraid of the perceived consequences of negotiating condom use and fearful of talking to their partner about pregnancy prevention.”
Current preventative and therapeutic interventions.
Given the prevalence of violent behavior by boys in romantic relationships, intervention efforts should be targeted at girls who have risk profiles for victimization. Such programs may concurrently impact other forms of violence and sexual behavior outcomes.
The situation underscores the need to include programs that focus on sexual behavior among adolescent girls, as well as boys, with the aim of discouraging risky sexual practices, including intercourse with multiple partners and nonuse of condoms. At the same time, intervention efforts should be targeted at the perpetrators of dating violence, so as not to further the impression of blaming the victim.
James et al. (2000) suggest that prevention programs focused on adolescent dating violence need to include lessons and role-playing related to one-sided and mutually violent relationships (e.g., discussions should cover the characteristics and consequences of such relationships). Health providers and educators need to ensure that adolescents are taught social skills to replace the use of psychologically and physically abusive, controlling behaviors in dating relationships, and are given opportunities to reappraise beliefs about gender roles.
One organization, The Empower Program, based in Washington, D.C., goes into schools, churches and community centers to talk with young women — and men — about teen dating violence. Shanterra McBride, director of education and programs at Empower, conducts workshops designed to help girls recognize abuse, escape it and counsel friends who may be caught up in violent relationships
When Love Hurts is a program offered through Family Service Regina that attempts to respond to the needs of young women, who are parents and are currently in or have been in an abusive dating relationship. It is a 13-week educational and therapeutic support group for young women of ages from 14 to 22. The group focuses on relationships, self-esteem, assertiveness, cycle of abuse, effects of abuse on children, and healthy lifestyle choices. The young women in the group can be self-referred, or through their school social workers or guidance counselors.
The benefits of this type of group include ending the isolation of these teen mothers who have been abused and helping them to deal with their helplessness. The group also helps the women to reclaim their self-esteem by providing them with an increased awareness and understanding of the different forms and types of emotional, physical and sexual abuse. This helps them to identify what is abusive in their own relationship and what it is that keeps them in their relationships. They are given information about relationships that are healthy and equal.
The issue of dating violence is not a simple one. There are obviously many factors involved and the relationship of these factors to each other is not totally clear. For example, I would like to have more clarification on whether physical dating violence precipitates the sad and/or hopeless emotions or whether it is the reverse. In addition, it could be argued that, in an attempt to cope with the emotional, social, and physical experience of victimization, girls may have resorted to drug or alcohol use. It would also be useful to determine if other factor account for both substance use and sad/hopeless feelings. Further, having multiple sex partners might be at the fulcrum of antecedent factors that put adolescent girls at risk for courtship violence. Future research could help to establish the temporality of the factors associated with dating violence against girls, not only in regard to sexual behaviors but emotional health as well. Longitudinal studies, initiated well before adolescence, would also add more data and shed light on these important relationships.
The research is by no means complete. Some of the questions that could still be addressed are: Do violent adolescents seek out dating partners who are also violent? Does the violence escalate as a result of duration, frequency, and exclusivity of dating? I would also like to see an evaluation of age, gender, ethnic background, family history, educational level, and other factors that might mitigate, or contribute to, adolescent dating violence.
Bush, Vanessa. (2002). A thin line between love and hate: dating violence strikes one in every five teenage girls. Essence November 2002. Retrieved November 7th,2003, from www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m1264/7_33/96384286/print.jhtml.
Gillies-Bradley & Wagner Tammy L. (2003). When love hurts. Briarpatch, 32(2), 18-19.
Howard, Donna E. & Qi Wang, Min. (2003). Risk profiles of adolescent girls who were victims of dating violence. Adolescence Spring 2003. Retrieved November 7th,2003, from www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m2248/149_38/103381757/print.jhtml.
James, William H., West, Carolyn, Deters, Karla Ezrre, Amigo, Eduardo. (2000). Youth dating violence. Adolescence Fall 2000. Retrieved November 7th, 2003, from www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m2248/139_35/68535843/print.jhtml
Rickert, Vaughn I., Vaughan, Roger D., Wiemann, Constance M. (2003). Violence against young women: Implications for clinicians. Contemporary OB/GYN,2,30-45
Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?
- Plagiarism free papers
- Timely delivery
- Any deadline
- Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
- Subject-relevant academic writer
- Adherence to paper instructions
- Ability to tackle bulk assignments
- Reasonable prices
- 24/7 Customer Support
- Get superb grades consistently
Online Academic Help With Different Subjects
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
What discipline/subjects do you deal in?
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
What if I don’t like the paper?
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
- When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
- We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.
In the event that you don’t like your paper:
- The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
- We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
- Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.
Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
What if the paper is plagiarized?
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
When will I get my paper?
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
Will anyone find out that I used your services?
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
How our Assignment Help Service Works
1. Place an order
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
2. Pay for the order
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
3. Track the progress
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
4. Download the paper
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!