The need for reforms
(Hjelmeng & Soreide, 2017)
The article focuses on why there are cases of police corruption in law enforcement and what needs to be done to improve the state. The article indicates that there is a need for reforms in areas such as criminal law principles, information sharing, and value for money in enforcement operations. The article indicates that there is a need for agencies to ensure transparency by clarifying forms of negligence and being open with the public regarding matters of policing (Hjelmeng & Soreide, 2017). Assessment of the article reveals that the lack of greater scope of enforcement tools and efficient procedures are the major factors contributing to corruption in law enforcement. Based on the article, corruption cases in law enforcement can only be mitigated if transparency is ensured in various practices and procedures and also adopting technological tools that can help to ensure transparency. Reflection on the article indicates that lack of transparency in certain aspect in policing is the major cause of corruption. Only through ensuring transparency can corruption in law enforcement be mitigated.
Transparency according to Brucato
Brucato in the article indicates that transparency is directly related to accountability and legitimacy. The author indicates that police violence is due to the lack of transparency that has hindered the efforts of holding officers accountable for their actions. The author further argues that increasing visibility in the U.S. policing can further help to protect the public and ensure police accountability (Brucato, 2015). Assessment of the article indicates that transparency can help to reform agencies to reduce police violence cases in the United States. Based on the article, there is a need to ensure that agencies are able to hold police officers accountable for their actions for police violence cases to be reduced in law enforcement. Brucato indicates that increasing visibility in policing can help to reduce police violence. Reflection on Brucato’s article can lead to the conclusion that increasing visibility in tasks is essential for reducing police violence cases as it can help to hold officers accountable for their actions. The body won cameras, for example, are great technological tools that can be used to increase visibility in policing.
(Deflem, 2016 )
Contemporary issues of policing
Deflem in his book address the contemporary issues of policing with a special focus on the need for legitimacy in policing. The author in his book focuses on how police power continues to be misused in the law enforcement that has largely contributed to legitimacy problems in law enforcement. The author notes that unethical practices reported by the public are the core reason why police legitimacy is a problem (Deflem, 2016). Assessment of the book reveals that little transparency between law enforcement agencies and the public is the primary reason why communities have a negative perception of the legitimacy of law enforcement. Based on the book, law enforcement agencies cannot improve their legitimacy in the eyes of the public without transparency. Reflection on the arguments raised to prove that transparency in law enforcement is necessary if legitimacy is to be attained. Policing in the society cannot effectively reduce crime if law enforcement agencies and communities are divided. However, good relationships between law enforcement agencies and the public can be built through encouraging transparency.
Zimring in the book focuses on why the lack of transparency has contributed to the number of increased killings by police officers. Based on the book, cases of police killing in the United States are in the national spotlight as never before. He argues that officers are sometimes disadvantaged and wrongly scrutinized for such actions due to the lack of transparency (Zimring, 2017). Assessment of the book reveals that police officers in the United States are unusually confronted with a high risk of fatal assaults. Due to such a risky and uncertain environment, police shootings continue to be rampant in the country. Based on the book, police officers tend to be highly blamed by the public without consideration of the action and reaction of the suspect. Reflection on the book provides insights that law enforcement agencies can protect and retain the credibility of officers in shooting by being transparent. In unavoidable circumstances, police officers may be forced to discharge their weapons to either protect their lives or those of hostages. In such circumstances, only through transparency can agencies be able to prove the necessity of the actions taken by officers and maintain their credibility.
In this Chapter, Sheptycki discusses the importance of secrecy and the need to control and minimize transparency in policing. Based on the author, contemporary organized crimes are elusive phenomena with suspects trying to evade surveillance, investigation, and conviction. The author argues that policymakers encouraging more transparency need to understand that high levels of transparency in certain police methods can jeopardize the effectiveness of policing and fight against crime (Sheptycki, 2017). Assessment of the chapter reveals that there is a need for controlling and reducing transparency in certain police methods. Sheptycki in the chapter reveals that organized crimes especially those concerned with illicit markets call for a need for a low level of transparency with the public and increased levels of confidentiality. The author indicates that the witness protection programs, for example, need to discourage transparency and encourage more confidentiality for the safety of the witnesses, investigation, and ensuring justice is served. Reflection on the chapter reveals that although transparency is essential, it also needs to be controlled in certain aspects of policing. The author is just to argue on such matters as criminals can desperately take drastic and dangerous actions to ensure they evade the full force of the law. However, it is also evident that there should be a certain level of transparency that needs to be maintained to ensure that the public is aware that the police are acting ethically and in response to the safety of all concerned parties.
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