The original Pledge written by Francis Bellamy

Expressing patriotism

The original Pledge written in 1892 by Francis Bellamy was meant to express patriotism. In 1954, congress added the phrase under God to the pledge of allegiance. The pledge only allures and supports the loyalty of the majority of citizens in America. The nonbelievers have had the right to not recite the pledge of Allegiance since they were enacted in 1954 but they have been asked to stand while the believers recite the pledge (Swanson 2014). To excuse this attempt, the author of “why the pledge should be revised” Gwen Wilde concludes that the pledge is based on patriotism, not religious faith. Wilde states in her article that leaving out “Under God” is not a difficult task, partially because the pledge of Allegiance is divisive. Wilden further states that the idea is untrue, hence making the pledge divisive. I find Wilden conclusion to be quite refreshing and compelling because no one can be forced to have faith or believe in something; whether or not is their personal business. Moreover, several studies appear to point into the conclusion that Wilden created a unique atmosphere that briefly elaborates why pledge should be advised through the points made.

Standing arguments

One of the longest standing argument in favor of the added phrase “Under God” to the pledge of Allegiance is that it is completely optional for one to recite the pledge. Kao (2014) states that there is no need to alter the Pledge of Allegiance because it is there for the majority of Americans to say it and to show their great appreciation to the nation. He further attempts to convince the readers that repeating the Pledge is just a way of massaging Americans ego and acknowledging that America is a humble country that expresses its consent to a higher authority. I have several issues with this statement; first the simple fact the majority of citizens in America recite the Pledge of Allegiance with “Under God” does not conclude that the latter is always the result of the fact; secondly correlation is not causality. It is not a proper statement to state that the Pledge of Allegiance offers a sense of security to Americans because it is clear that the Pledge violates religious freedom. Kao (2014) fallacy argument in favor of the Pledge as an expression of religious faith and not patriotism alone become current research suspect, as having a mysterious power in religion cannot solve the problem which can be solved by technology. It can be very difficult to know which side to support, partially because media use propaganda that even contradicts itself it is favor. This is likely the reason why most philosopher and current studies have a common issue in “Under God” that was added in memory of the 400th anniversary of discovering America. It seems research with a vested interest will pull whatever strings necessary to sway public opinion and readers to their side.

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revision of the pledge

According to historical survey, a conservative estimate of 90 million American are convinced that the pledge should be advised in agreement with Gewen Wilde vehement conclusion, and 10 million are compelled that the pledge should not be revised because religious is a special and specific part of human rights (freedom of expression). If the Pledge of recite the Pledge of Allegiance with “Under God” was indeed an expression of religious faith rather than patriotism we would have seen a higher percentage of believers. Instead we are seeing an even smaller proportion. In fact, most people who are not compelled to buy into “Under God” as a violation of religious freedom often quit supporting on their own, partially because religious doctrine contradicts the First Amendment, which states that the government is prohibited to make laws regarding the practice of religion (Swanson 2014).

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