Law enforcement personnel include the police body that is part of the civil authority of the government. Law enforcement is responsible for ensuring public safety and order, law enforcement, and detecting, preventing, and investigating any crime. These functions are commonly referred to as policing. Law enforcement functions can be categorized into four major functions which include order maintenance function, service function, deterrence function, and emergency response functions.
The order maintenance function is described as a police function of managing minor offences and disorders in neighbourhoods to address community problems. This function has been credited with the reduction of crime in cities in the US, especially in the 1990s in New York City. The order maintenance function is influenced by a hypothesis called Broken Windows. This hypothesis describes a process where minor offences can result in a decline of neighbourhoods and citizen fear. For this reason, the police are tasked with the function of managing minor offences and actions that results in social and physical disorder within the community.
The service function of law enforcement personnel includes providing social services to the community. This may consist of giving emergency assistance to those that require it, finding children that are reported lost, and giving first aid. Records show that 50% of all calls that are made to the police are calls requesting assistance in terms of social services. This is a very high number compared to the calls made relating to crime which are only 20%.
Deterrence function aims to control the occurrence of crime. To do this, the police perform activities such as patrolling the community and also investigating crimes. Through partaking police patrols, the law enforcers are able to deter criminals from robbing people because the police presence means that they may be caught and charged for the crime. Investigating crimes ensures that criminals that perpetrate crimes are brought to book.
Emergency response functions are where the police are called in to handle a tragedy that occurred abruptly. An example of an emergency is a multiple-car pileup. The police would require to block off sections of streets where the pileup happened and in some cases to control the crowds.
The function that takes up the bulk of law enforcement resources and time is the deterrence function that includes patrol and investigation. These take up the majority of police work and include officers serving as a very visible crime deterrent who attempt to catch the criminals red-handed in the act. In cases where patrol fails, investigators have the function of following up to solve crimes by questioning witnesses, victims, and suspects. Patrol consumes much of the resources of the police department and requires resources such as cars, binoculars, communication technology, and stipends for police on patrol. On the other hand, investigations also take up resources sometimes even more than patrol because depending on the kind of crime that has been committed, the apparatus required will vary. A bank robbery will need an apparatus that is different from a homicide.
It is a strength, not a flaw that most of the time and resources is put into deterrence, particularly patrolling and investigation. These two are key elements in law enforcement that work to stop crime before it happens, while the other solves crime once it is committed. These are the ultimate goals of any law enforcement agency hence allocated more resources to them is essential and strengthens the law enforcement process.
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason may is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Our essay writers are graduates with diplomas, bachelor, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college diploma. When assigning your order, we match the paper subject with the area of specialization of the writer.