slave narrative maintains a unique station in modern literature. Unlike any other body of literature, it provides us with a first-hand account of institutional racially-motivated human bondage in an ostensibly democratic society. As a reflection on the author, these narratives were the first expression of humanity by a group of people in a society where antediluvian pseudo-science had deemed them to be mere animals. These works, although they provide us a keen insight into the nature of the period, all but disappeared following emancipation and the end of the Civil War. As black liberty was thought to be a vindicated cause, the accounts of former slaves lost their general appeal and were party only to a cultural heritage attended to only by other freed black slaves. However, black writers of both fiction and non-fiction in the 20th came to reflect the work of Frederick Douglas and others in the style in which they wrote. Anne Moody and Malcolm X reflect this legacy of struggle and redemption through literacy, which they share with other authors of the 20th century such as James Baldwin and Richard Wright.
In the early 1960’s, James Baldwin, a homosexual black man writing in self-imposed exile in Paris, made the observation to his nephew that in the last hundred years since the Emancipation Proclamation, nothing much had changed for black people. Whether in the Jim-Crowe afflicted communities in the south or the ghettos of the urban north, black people were outside American society. This idea resonated with blacks in the United States, who started a protest movement designed to foster inclusively. This movement included Anne Moody, a young woman in Mississippi, and Malcolm X, a former prisoner and convert to Islam in the north. These writers were quick to realize that blacks in the United States needed to develop a positive identity for themselves, or would always be underneath white society in terms of economics and perception.
Anne Moody portrays Mississippi of the 1950’s and 1960’s as a land of oppressive whites and complacent Negroes. As an activist affiliated with the NAACP, Moody attempts to break this cycle by involving herself in a number of sit-ins and other forms of non-violent protest. Her account is part testimonial and part journalistic; she seeks both to inform her audience of the events that transpired and of the personal effect that it had on her as a young woman.
Moody portrays her crowd as that of rational, intelligent Christian activists. This differs from many of the accounts of black men growing up in the same environment – many of the narratives portray the lives of young men as being successive attempts to hide from the violent feelings that accompanied oppression. Moody turns to God and to her friends for strength in hostile situations. Of her experience in a sit in where she and several other young women refused to leave their seats at a restaurant, Moody writes:
We kept our eyes straight forward and did not look at the crowd except for occasional glances to see what was going on. All of a sudden I saw a face I remembered — the drunkard from the bus station sitin. My eyes lingered on him just long enough for us to recognize each other. Today he was drunk too, so I don’t think he remembered where he had seen me before. He took out a knife, opened it, put it in his pocket, and then began to pace the floor. At this point, I told Memphis and Pearlena what was going on. Memphis suggested that we pray. We bowed our heads, and all hell broke loose. A man rushed forward, threw Memphis from his seat, and slapped my face. Then another man who worked in the store threw me against an adjoining counter.
Although Moody’s reaction to the violent actions of her white oppressors is instinctively angry and hostile, she attempts to resolve matters in peaceful ways designed to make her look more like the victim of an endemic social ill than like a hooligan. White southerners are usually portrayed as violent, scary bigots, bereft of any explicit merit that would earn them the social privileges that they have come to demand at the expense of the black population.
Moody’s more personal narrative accouts reflect her coming to grips with the fact that some people hate her merely because she is black.
Before Emmett Till’s murder, I had known the fear of hunger, hell, and the Devil. But now there was a new fear known to me — the fear of being killed just because I was black. This was the worst of my fears. I knew once I got food, the fear of starving to death would leave. I also was told that if I was a good girl, I wouldn’t have to fear the Devil or hell. But I didn’t know what one had to do or not do as a Negro not to be killed. Probably just being a Negro period was enough.”
Whereas much of the book is of note in that it provides eye-witness accounts of civil rights-era conflicts, other parts are fascinating I that they reveal the effect of bigotry upon children and young adults.
Whereas Moody’s work is quick to demonize Mississippi society, Malcolm X reflects the wider-scale condemnation of whites by blacks that was to characterize the latter half of the civil rights era. As Richard Wright wrote earlier in Black Boy, many southern blacks made their way to the north because the north was characterized as being an egalitarian haven free of southern-style bigotry and then became disillusioned after experiencing life in a northern ghetto, where the social activity of whites and blacks was just as segregated and blacks often had little or no economic opportunities available to them.
Malcolm X tries to focus on the idea of reclaiming the pride of the black people, through Islam and a rejection of white ideas and culture. Malcolm X grew up the son of a Black Preacher in Omaha, Nebraska, from which he escaped as a teenager only to find himself lost in the vice culture of Boston where he became involved in gambling and prostitution rings. After landing himself in prison for burglary, Malcolm discovered Islam through the teachings of Elijah Muhammad. Malcolm moved to Detroit where he changed his name and became the national minister for the Nation of Islam.
Malcolm X and his contemporaries rejected ideas of racial equality, wishing instead to deepen or at the very least acknowledge the divide between whites and blacks as one that precluded any cursory or illusory attempt at racial harmony. Whereas Baldwin first addresses the idea of the Black need for religion and whether or not Christianity had hindered Black spirituality, and Anne Moody turned to her faith to provide her with guidance in the face of white oppression. Malcolm sees moving away from Christianity as a way to further divorce Black culture from what he considers the taint of white influence. White influence included conventional vices such as drugs and alcohol. Malcolm X refused to believe in the principles of nonviolence, believing instead that the blacks should be able to protect themselves. Because of this, many people saw him as a dangerous radical.
When Malcolm X made his pilgrimage to Mecca as is required in the Islamic faith, he discovered that Islam was color-blind and rejected the Nation of Islam. Thereafter he founded a non-sectarian group promoting black nationalism and was killed in what was thought to be a hit by those within the black power movement who thought that he had become too powerful.
Moody and Malcolm X have radically different philosophies: whereas Moody believes that blacks can overcome oppression and must struggle for equality, Malcolm X thinks that blacks should estrange themselves from anything white. Over the years, one mentality (the convergence mentality) has come to be thought of as mainstream whereas X’s thoughts have become increasingly marginalized.
Anne Moody, Coming of Age in Mississippi (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1968), 121-38.
Alex Haley, The Autobiography of Malcolm X, 1965
Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?
- Plagiarism free papers
- Timely delivery
- Any deadline
- Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
- Subject-relevant academic writer
- Adherence to paper instructions
- Ability to tackle bulk assignments
- Reasonable prices
- 24/7 Customer Support
- Get superb grades consistently
Online Academic Help With Different Subjects
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
What discipline/subjects do you deal in?
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
What if I don’t like the paper?
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
- When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
- We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.
In the event that you don’t like your paper:
- The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
- We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
- Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.
Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
What if the paper is plagiarized?
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
When will I get my paper?
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
Will anyone find out that I used your services?
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
How our Assignment Help Service Works
1. Place an order
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
2. Pay for the order
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
3. Track the progress
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
4. Download the paper
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!