Corrections and Violence
Corrections – Police
It is rare for a week to go by that there is not a media report concerning an incident somewhere in the country of excessive use of force by law enforcement.
The Rodney King incident, which sparked riots in Los Angeles, has become synonymous with the excessive use of force by police. New York City’s police department has received national attention during recent years for incidents involving its police officers excessive use of force. A 1998 eight-month investigation by the Washington Post found a pattern of “reckless and indiscriminate” shootings by police officers during that decade, “the extent of which had been hidden from public scrutiny through inadequate investigations and oversight” (United pp).
In fact, shootings by DC police doubled between 1992 and 1995, even though homicides had fallen from a record peak in 1991 and from mid-1993, there were fifty-four cases in which police had fired at vehicles, none of whose occupants had shot at officers, killing nine unarmed motorists and wounding nineteen (United pp). Court records and police files found that many internal investigations were riddled with omissions and errors and the majority of the 422 police shootings examined by an internal police review board from 1993 to 1998 were ruled justified and in only two cases were charges brought against the officers (United pp). Other examples are Chicago where police officers shot seventy-one people in 1998, and San Francisco where police shootings rose from two in 1996 to twelve in 1998 (United pp).
Although some police officers have been fired following high profile cases, most escape any discipline even when complaints have been upheld by the Civilian Complaint Review Board (United pp).
Moreover, prosecution of officers is rare due to the code of silence among departments and the reluctance of prosecutors to pursue criminal charges because they rely on police co-operation in other cases (United pp). The NYPD’s poor disciplinary record in excessive force cases is believed to be one of the factors behind a ‘pattern and practice’ lawsuit brought before the review by the Justice Department (United pp). The remarkable rise in incidents involving excessive use of force by police officers throughout the country accompanied by lack of investigative and disciplinary procedures indicates a systemic problem.
Historically, police have generally minimized the seriousness of domestic violence, treating it as a private matter and misdemeanor rather than a serious felony. Arrests of abusers were extremely rare even in cases in which the women suffered severe injuries and rape (Woods 1994).
Moreover, officers generally ignored request for assistance or delayed in responding for several hours in abuse cases and when they did respond, rather than arresting the abuser they usually just removed him from the home so he could cool off (Woods 1994).
At one time it was thought that mediation and couples counseling would reduce domestic violence, however, it was found that such methods can seriously endanger the victim since they treat the problem as a family dynamic and fail to hold the abuser solely responsible for the abuse and give the wrong message about violence to any other members of the family and to society at large (Woods 1994). A 1984 Minnesota study found that arrest of men who beat their wives was far more effective than either mediation or removing the abuser from the home and a California study later also found that arrests substantially reduced the likelihood of further assaults on women (Woods 1994). The Minnesota study influenced police departments throughout the country concerning their response to domestic violence (Woods 1994). Today, every state permits arrest without a warrant in misdemeanor domestic violence cases subject to an officer’s determination of probable cause (Woods 1994).
Domestic violence, including spousal rape, is no less serious than an assault by a stranger. A slap on the wrist or cooling off period out of the home does not prevent another assault. And there will be another assault. Once abuse begins, it is repeated over and over, with each incident increasing in severity, and in many cases leading to the death of the victim. An abuser is an abuser no matter who the victim, whether spouse, neighbor or stranger. Moreover, victims of domestic abuse are at extreme risk of repeated assaults, unlike victims of stranger assaults. The penalty for spousal assault should be no less severe than any other assault. Assault is assault. Mandatory arrests for domestic violence is necessary to curtail repeated attacks.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
RACE, RIGHTS AND POLICE BRUTALITY
Woods, Laurie; Zorza, Joan. Mandatory Arrest-Problems and Possibilities
Contemporary Women Issues Database. 1/1/1994
Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?
- Plagiarism free papers
- Timely delivery
- Any deadline
- Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
- Subject-relevant academic writer
- Adherence to paper instructions
- Ability to tackle bulk assignments
- Reasonable prices
- 24/7 Customer Support
- Get superb grades consistently
Online Academic Help With Different Subjects
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
What discipline/subjects do you deal in?
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
What if I don’t like the paper?
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
- When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
- We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.
In the event that you don’t like your paper:
- The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
- We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
- Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.
Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
What if the paper is plagiarized?
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
When will I get my paper?
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
Will anyone find out that I used your services?
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
How our Assignment Help Service Works
1. Place an order
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
2. Pay for the order
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
3. Track the progress
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
4. Download the paper
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!