Child Health Intervention Plan
A child’s health is a delicate integral part of the family especially given the fact that children are dependent and do not know how to express their feelings to reveal their experiences. Child’s health includes his or her physical, mental and social well-being. Parents should ensure that their children have got enough sleep and exercise. A child should also be provided with healthy foods and his or her safety should be insured by the parent. Among the vital elements that constitute a healthy child will incorporate items like enough playtime, correct diet and physical fitness. Since the child will basically depend on the direction given by the caregiver, overlooking any of these issues will automatically bring about an imbalance in the child’s growth. Children should undergo regular checkups severally with their health care providers to check their development. Being healthy is essential if children and young people are to get the best out of life and fulfill it in the best way. In order to achieve this, health provisions for children and young people need to be improved (Monica, 2002). This paper takes a journey into the ways of creating health intervention for a seven-year-old child with oral health problems, weight issues, and sleep disorders.
The child and sleep
Sleep is fundamental for a child’s life since it sustains several psychological and physiological processes like growth, memory consolidation, tissue repair as well as a learning process. Therefore deprivation of sleep in the child may lead to undesirable implications for the brain and body and thus affect those functions negatively. This puts the child at a higher risk of obesity and diabetes.
Consequences of Sleep Deprivation
Deep sleep is essential for proper metabolism and thus if the child is deprived of sufficient hours of sleep the metabolism is likely to underperform. Statistics indicate that depriving the child of sufficient bed hours affects the cortisol levels in the blood thereby affecting the child’s response to stress. Similarly, the ability of the child’s body to handle glucose reduces. A child that does not get enough sleep also shows underperformance in school. Problems of appetite will not spare the child too. Some studies also associate sleep deprivation in an increase in body mass (BMI). Sleep disruption leads to up-regulation of a child’s appetite, decreased energy expenditure due to limited physical activity, decreased glucose tolerance and increased cortisol in the child’s blood (Graber, 1999).
A child of 7 years needs a sleep period of between 9 and 11 hours per night. The following are recommended to improve the sleep pattern of the child.
- The caregiver should talk to the child about healthy sleep habits and their importance. As a backup to the talk, consistent sleep schedules and bedtime routes must be enforced even on weekends
- The child’s bedroom must be improved to depict a sleep-friendly milieu. It should be dark, cool and devoid of noise
- TVs or computers should not be part of the child’s bedroom.
- The child’s schedule should be balanced well so that activities do not take the place of sleep
Some sleep clinics recommend that parents or caregivers keep sleep diaries for their children. A child like this girl might have a sleep deficit due to late-night sleep phase problems. These problems may lead to other complications like sleepwalking and moody behavior during the day. After the sleep pattern of the child has been monitored and sleep behavior well established, the parent or caregiver of the girl should introduce a sleep adjustment program so that the girl can be taken to bed about 20 minutes each night earlier than the previous night. During this period, the caregiver should ensure that the girl gets a relaxing bedtime routine which does not exceed 45 minutes (Laurence, 2000).
As a measure of good practice for the girl, the parents should endeavor to maintain a bedtime routine so that the girl gets used gradually with time to sleeping early. In relation to this, the caregiver can encourage the girl to have good sleeping habits by executing the following:
- Promoting calm time before bedtime with calm activities like quiet play
- Reminding the girl early that bedtime is near
- Give the girl a relaxing bath before going to bed
- While the girl is in bed, the lights should be kept low.
Consequences of Obesity in the Child
Obesity in children poses a serious problem both medical and psychosocial. The most prevalent psychosocial impact of obesity in children between 6 and 10 years old is psychological morbidity. In addition, obesity has always been associated with an array of negative attributes like laziness and sloppiness. There is a potential risk of discrimination from other age mates and this will probably lead to the low esteem in a girl of seven making her choose friends younger in age than she (Peterson, 1998).
Medical Implications of Obesity
Overweight children stand a higher risk of developing sleep apnea, which is a serious sleep disorder. Orthopedic complications may also develop since the seven-year-old girl’s bones do not have sufficient tensile strength to support a substantial amount of excess weight. The girl is therefore likely to develop bowed legs due to bowing of tibia and femurs. And this leads to Blount disease. Obesity is also associated with hyperlipidemia. This is a condition of increased blood lipids due to an increase in deposits of fatty acids in the blood. Due to this, the girl risks getting a cardiovascular disease like a heart attack. The other thing is that obesity in children leads to early maturity and thus augments the probability of early mortality (Maura, 2002).
Other complications that might be a potential source of risk to the child include increased concentration of liver enzymes which increases the risk of hypertension. The other one is pseudo- tumor cerebri. This condition is rare though it can cause blindness or visual impairment if it occurs. Accumulation of the hepatic enzymes in high intensities has been clinically linked with cirrhosis, fatty fibrosis, and fatty liver or fatty hepatitis. These conditions of hyperinsulinemia can lead to steatohepatitis in the child. Hepatic enzymes can be normalized by weight reduction through consistent exercise (Mezey, 2004).
To avoid these attacks parents are advised to give their children a balanced diet. Also, immunization against such diseases should be done at the appropriate time to avoid infection. Another health concern is dental health. Tooth decay and other diseases caused by teeth are very common in young children because of the lack of good care of their teeth (Mezey, 2004).
Psychological health is another concern in children. For a child to perform properly in school he or she is supposed to be happy, confident, and secure. Some characteristics which may indicate that child is not feeling good include dullness, isolation from other children, and not playing with his peers. Some times children have problems and if not monitored well by their mentors they may have negative impacts in growth and development of the child. This may even affect the child’s performance in school and also in other aspects of production (Laurence, 2002).
Diet evaluation is an essential component of every child’s nutrition assessment. This assessment should offer information concerning the child’s eating with regard to choice of foods, level of calorie, variety of food, adequacy, dietary supplement use, and portion sizes. Apart from these issues, it is important for the child’s caregiver to ensure that while the health practices are being observed, oral hygiene accompanies the practices on a daily basis (Alexander, 2005).
As discussed above the oral health of the child is as important as the nutritional health and an integral part of the general health. The mouth of the child should, therefore, be checked on a regular basis. To prevent further tooth decay, the child should not be fed on sugar-loaded food as these encourage bacteria infestation in the gaps between the teeth and thus the teeth start wearing away. The mouth should be regularly checked by the caregiver and cleaned (Carl, 2005)
Nutrient Density and Exercise
Putting emphasis on nutrient-dense foods as opposed to energy-dense ones is also a good health measure to help the child. The child should be fed with sufficient fruits and vegetables, lean meats and then whole grains. To crown, this should be enough exercise for the child to strengthen the body and give enough room for sleep. (Peterson, 1998)
In many countries and most government schools, they have incorporated a wide range of services and programs that are provided to support children’s health and well being. Some of these programs include; immunization, school health service, students support, ways to keep children home, dental health, nutrition, physical education, and school chaplains. All these programs ensure that children health is fit. Parents should learn how to listen and solve their children’s problems (Laurence, 2000).
Parents are supposed to counsel their children’s problems without judging them. They are also supposed to encourage them to open up and talk about their problems out when they have a problem. If you are concerned with your child’s progress in school you should speak to the parties involved with your child’s education. If your concerns are not effectively solved by the teachers ask an intervention team from the principal as that is the group that will assist your child academically and in terms of behavior. If your child is not in school and you have concerns regarding their development, the relevant child centers (Benson, 2000).
Every child as an individual has a different developmental process than those of his peers. Children are supposed to be given and shown a lot of love. This does not mean that they are not supposed to be disciplined because of the great difference between love and discipline. Some ways to show love to our children is by hugging them, listening to them playing with them, eating with them, and reading with them. This is important because you learn a lot concerning your child’s interests and skills (Kelly, 1999).
A deficiency of high quality sleep seems to have a brunt on physiological drivers of energy balance that is to say energy expenditure, hunger, and appetite. Besides this, sleep deficiency unfavorably affects the body’s capacity to deal with glucose balance and might augment the danger of type II diabetes. Obesity poses a serious threat to the child both now and her future life. Immediate intervention is imperative to adjust the weight of the girl for height (Graber, 1999).
The cardiovascular risks that the girl’s faces are likely to extend into her future and complicate her conditions further if not addressed now. Furthermore, the girl risks getting Polycystic Ovary Disease (PCOD) in the early part of her adolescence. An aggressive therapy is therefore required (Benson, 2000). It is also important that the parent or caregiver makes good use of the availability of an expert in child health.
Alexander, S. (2005).Health Care. New York, Public Affairs
Benson, M. (2000). Children Heath Concern. New York
Cary l. (2005).Global Child Insurance. Oxford University press.
Davie H. (2006).Health insurance for child. Dain Publishers. Company NY
Frederick W. (2001).Healthy Children. University press
Graber. M. (1999).Child Development. Services. Prentice-Hall Publishers.
Hodget, R. (2006).Health concern for children. University of Michigan
Janger, R. (1999). Child Health. New York, Prentice Hall
Kelly, G. (1999).Strategies of child health. Pal grave Macmillan, New York
Levin, T. (1999). Strategies and plans for Health Programs. New York: Free Press.
Laurence, T. (2000). Child Care and Early childhood. Ripoll publishers, Washington DC.
Maura, P. (2002). New York Forum for Child Health. 2nd ed., Pearson Education Australia, French forests, NSW
Mezey, S. (2004).Children Health problems. Lynne Reynar pub.
Monica, K. (2002). Children’s Mental Health. Harvard Business School Press.
Peterson, L. (1998).Children with Disability. Harvard Business School Press.
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