Breast cancer stages.
Cancer is the growth of abnormal cells, and with time divide uncontrollably, affecting the proper functioning of the body. Cancer treatments have over the years been improved, and medical researchers have managed to eliminate cancer cells when detected early.
It is thus essential to identify cancer cells early on for better results. To better understand breast cancer, we shall go through some of the stages as well as the symptoms to look out for.
There are five cancer stages, and doctors use various methods to find out the severity of the cancer cell development in the body. The techniques used to identify cancer stages include; a physical examination, a bone scan, X-ray, blood tests, and biopsies.
Breast cancer stages.
There are five breast cancer stages and are explained in Roman numbers, the higher the number, the more advanced the cancer cells.
Stage 0: This is the earliest stage, and in this stage, there is a change in the ducts and milk glands. But has not attacked the healthy tissues. The recovery rate in this stage is 100%.
Stage I: This is called the invasive stage where the cancer cells are spreading and now attacking healthy tissue.
The first stage is then divided into two phases.
Stage IA: Here, the cancer cells have spread around the fatty tissues in the breast.
Stage 1B: In this stage, the cancer cells have been found in the lymph nodes.
The recovery rate at this stage is also 100%.
Stage II: In this stage, the cancer cells have increased and are now spreading to other healthy tissues.
Stage IIA: There is a tiny tumor in the breast, and the tumors may be more than one.
Stage IIB: The tumor at this stage is large, and is almost the size of a walnut.
The survival rate at this stage is still higher at 93% as the cells have not spread to other parts of the body.
Stage III: Though not spread to other organs or bones, the cancer cell growth in this stage is considered progressive as it is a bit harder to fight.
Stage IIIA: the cancer cells have spread and are now in almost nine lymph nodes; this forms a chain that connects the underarms and the collarbone. Also, it is in this stage that you feel a large tumor in the breast.
Stage IIIB: The tumor has spread to the skin around the breast and the chest.
Stage IIIC: in this stage, the cancer cells have spread around the collarbone, and has affected up to ten lymph nodes. In this stage, the cells are larger, and more cancerous in turn, reducing the recovery rate to about 72%.
Stage IV: In this stage, cancer has spread to other parts of the body; the cancerous cells are now in the liver, the lungs and even the brain. The stage is also known as the metastatic stage; the survival rate in this stage is lower at about 22%.
Signs and symptoms of breast cancer.
A lump on the breast, around the armpit and upper chest. In some cases, the lump may be visible while in some you can only feel it.
A change in the size of the breast, if you notice a drastic change in the size or even shape of the breast, seek medical attention immediately.
Discharge from the nipple, any form of discharge from the nipple require immediate attention.
Inflammation or redness of the nipple.
Change in the texture of the nipple.
Pain in the breast is not normal, and though it might not be cancer, it is essential to always seek medical attention if you notice any changes with your breasts.
Things to avoid.
Avoid self-diagnosis, cancer is a lot to take in and self-diagnosis without may undermine one’s entire well-being. If you notice any changes around your breast, be sure to visit the doctor for proper tests. Also, changes in the breasts may not always mean breast cancer.
Avoid alcohol abuse; alcohol has been associated with a higher risk of cancer.
Misconceptions around breast cancer.
Tight bras increase the risk of breast cancer, for years, many people have believed that tight undergarments may lead to accumulation of toxins in the breast, and this may lead to cancer. This myth has, however, been dismissed by medical practitioners as there has not been any association of tight undergarments to cancer growth.
Mammograms may prevent cancer; regular mammogram does not prevent breast cancer. Instead, this test helps to detect cancer cells early on, increasing the recovery rate.
Antiperspirants cause breast cancer; antiperspirants do not cause breast cancer.
Causes of breast cancer.
Research shows that around 5 to 10% of breast cancer cases are associated with family hereditary.
Another factor that may increase the risk of cancer is one’s lifestyle, embrace a healthy lifestyle, exercise regularly and avoid regular consumption of alcohol.
The causes of cancer differ, and as earlier on mentioned, the signs are not always similar. If you suspect any changes always consult your doctor.
Foods to lower the risk of breast cancer.
Broccoli has sulforaphane which has been seen to reduce cancer cell by about 75%. Eating cruciferous vegetables also reduces the risk of colon cancer
Beans are high in fiber and contain components that have been associated with a lower risk of colorectal cancer.
Test-Tube research showed that cinnamon reduces the spread of cancer cells, in turn inducing the death of the cancerous cells.
Other foods that reduce the risk of cancer include; turmeric, nuts, olive oil, carrots, flax seeds, citrus fruits, garlic, and fatty fish.
Besides the changes in the size of the breast, another easy way to detect any changes in your breast is regular physical check-ups, this check-up is easy and can be done at the comfort of your house, and the check does not require any training.
The earlier the detection, the higher the survival rate, so do not be afraid to check your breasts for any lumps or unusual changes regularly.
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