Alliance between the U.S. And the U.S.S.R

cold War

The heightened tension, which existed between the two major powers of the world in the period after the Second World War until the end of nineteen eighties, completely dominated world politics during the later part of the 20th century. Although the possession of nuclear weapons by the United States and the Soviet Union prevented a direct confrontation between them, several proxy wars were fought around the world as the Soviet Union attempted to spread the doctrine of communism and the U.S. was equally determined to prevent it. This essay is a response to the following questions:

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Alliance between the U.S. And the U.S.S.R
Just from $9/Page
Order Essay

Why did the alliance between the U.S. And the U.S.S.R. collapse so thoroughly after the WW2?

Was it a personal dispute between FDR, Truman, and Stalin? Was it a political / economic disagreement between communism and democracy?

What steps did the U.S. feel compelled to take to restrain the expansion of communism?

What was the influence of George F. Kennan on U.S. policy in relation to the communist world?

How were his views implemented? How did this affect U.S. attitudes for the remainder of the Cold War?

Why did the Alliance Collapse so Thoroughly?

Keeping in view the prevailing global political situation at the end of World War II, there was almost a historical inevitability about the looming conflict between the two major world powers of the time. History shows us that whenever two great powers come into close contact with each other, it becomes almost impossible for them to avoid conflict. Athens and Sparta in ancient Greece, Rome and Carthage during the Punic wars, Britain and France during the eighteenth century are relevant examples. Hence, even while the U.S. And the U.S.S.R. were allied in the fight against the Nazis during World War 2, leaders of the two countries were looking at the world beyond the War itself. For example, President Roosevelt declared in 1944 that: “…there is literally no question, political or military, in which the U.S. is not interested,” and the Soviet foreign minister, Molotov declared: “One cannot decide now any serious problems of international relations without the U.S.S.R.” (Quoted by Bell 2001, p 55) Such pronouncements by leaders of the two countries reflected their determination to assert their influence on world politics. History also shows us that war alliances inevitably break down at the end of most wars and the defeat of common enemies. For example, after the defeat of Germany in 1918, the French and the British promptly became adversaries. It was no surprise, therefore, when the partners in the Grand Alliance against Germany developed serious differences as soon as their common enemy was defeated in 1945 (Bell, 2001)

Other moves by the U.S.S.R. such as the establishment of a pro-Communist provisional government in Poland by the Soviets after driving out the Germans in 1945 exacerbated the situation. While the creation of satellite states on its border was considered as necessary by Russia for its security, the Allies led by the U.S. saw the Soviet move as Communist expansion.

Was it Personal?

Roosevelt, in particular, was a great believer in the importance of developing personal relations with leaders of foreign countries. His close friendship with Churchill during the World War II influenced the course of the War. FDR also realized the importance of having good relations with the Soviet Union in the post War world, as he wanted its co-operation in setting up the United Nations — one of his pet projects. Hence he went out of his way to woo Stalin at the Tehran Conference in 1943, and always maintained that he “could handle Stalin.” Some historians believe that the Cold War may not have started if FDR had not died as he would have a found a way to settle the United States’ disputes with the Soviet Union due to his personal touch with Stalin, but this is pure speculation. The development of historical events can never be attributed to a single reason as they are almost always the result of a combination of causes; so is the case with the Cold War. According to historian Walter Lefeber, Truman was willing to accommodate some of Stalin’s demands at the start of the Post Dam conference in July 1945 but his attitude towards Soviet Union changed decisively when he received news of the successful U.S. atomic bomb tests during the Conference. The U.S. now no longer required Soviet help in defeating Japan and could afford to aggressively oppose Soviet Union’s domination of Poland and Eastern Europe in a post-War Europe. (“Historian Walter Lefeber on Truman’s Soviet Policy” 2000). Meanwhile, the U.S.S.R. considered its domination of Eastern Europe imperative for its security and due to its fear of a resurgent Germany; there were further grounds for mutual antagonism between the U.S. And USSR as both countries represented the opposite spectrums of political ideologies. The Cold War between the two dominant powers thus became almost inevitable.

What Steps Did the U.S. Take to Restrain the Spread of Communism?

After the war, the U.S.S.R. helped bring Communist governments to power in Romania, Bulgaria, and Hungary. Unrest had also started in Greece and Turkey. The U.S. feared that if aid was not provided to the Greek and Turkish governments, they would fall to Communism and trigger a “domino effect “in the region. it, therefore, announced the Truman Doctrine in March 1947 that authorized U.S. aid to anti-Communist forces in Greece and Turkey. The doctrine soon extended to support for any nation considered by U.S. To be threatened by Communism and became the official U.S. policy of “containment” towards the Soviet Union. (Legvol, 2005)

The war had devastated the economy of almost all the European countries. Fearing that Communism would inevitably spread in such countries if their economies did not improve, the United States committed itself to a massive economic aid program (called the Marshall Plan, named after the then U.S. Secretary of State) which was designed to rebuild Western European economies.

Another important incident that took place in the initial stages of the Cold War was the attempted blockade of Berlin by the Soviet Union in the summer of 1948 and the massive airlift of supplies to West Berlin by the West to circumvent the Soviet blockade. To ward off Soviet designs beyond Eastern Europe, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) of 11 Western countries led by the U.S. was formed in April 1949.

The Influence of George F. Kennan on U.S. Foreign Policy

George F. Kennan, the first director of the U.S. State Department’s Policy Planning Staff from 1947 to 1950, played a key role in the development of the long-term U.S. foreign policy of “containment” of the Soviet Union and Communism.

Kennan’s thesis of containment was first formulated and published in an anonymous contribution to the journal Foreign Affairs in 1947 — the “X-Article” — in which he emphasized that “the main element of any United States policy toward the Soviet Union must be that of a long-term, patient but firm and vigilant containment of Russian expansive tendencies.” (Quoted in “Kennan and Containment” n.d.) Kennan considered the Soviet threat to be primarily political and advocated economic assistance and “psychological warfare” to counter the spread of Soviet influence. Moreover, his concept of “containment” was restricted in scope to the defense of the world’s major centers of industrial power, i.e., Western Europe, Japan, and the United States against Soviet expansion. Kennan’s policy article was, however, interpreted by some people as advocating confrontation of Soviet expansionism all over the world and the “firm and vigilant containment” was misinterpreted as advocating of the use of military force. Others, notably John Foster Dulles criticized Kennan’s policy of containment as too soft and believed that United States’ policy towards the Soviet Union should not aim at just “containment,” but target a “rollback” of Soviet power and the eventual “liberation” of Eastern Europe.

The Implementation of Kennan’s Views

The policy of ‘Containment,’ soon became one of the two main pillars of the U.S. foreign policy and a prominent feature of the “Truman Doctrine.” The Marshall Plain (the massive U.S. economic aid plan to Western Europe) represented the direct implementation of Kennan’s view on the use of economic assistance for countering expanding Soviet influence in the major centers of industrial power. The U.S. role in the rebuilding of Japan too owes much to Kennan’s long-term policy recommendations. On the negative side, Kennan also played a significant role in launching the CIA’s covert operations, which he later described as “the greatest mistake I ever made.” (Quoted in “George F. Kennan on the Web” 2005)

How did this affect U.S. attitudes for the remainder of the Cold War?

Except for some minor modifications in Kennan’s policy recommendations, such as a drastic expansion of the U.S. military budget and an extension of containment’s scope beyond the defense of just the major centers of industrial power, ‘containment’ as described by Kennan remained the bedrock of U.S. foreign policy throughout the Cold War.

It is pertinent to add that the United States did not “roll back” Soviet power during the Cold War, as John Foster Dulles had advocated and neither did the country withdraw into isolationism as it had done at various times during its history; in fact every U.S. administration after Truman’s adopted Kennan’s policy of ‘containment’ or its variation as a cornerstone of their foreign policy right until the eventual collapse of Communism in 1989. (“Kennan and Containment” n.d.)


Bell, P.M.H. (2001). The World since 1945 — an International History. New York: Oxford University Press

George F. Kennan on the Web” (2005). History Politics and Future. Retrieved on May 28, 2005 at

Historian Walter Lefeber on Truman’s Soviet Policy.” (2000). PBS Online. Retrieved on May 28, 2005 at

Kennan and Containment.” (n.d.) Bureau of Public Affairs: U.S. Department of State. Retrieved on May 28, 2005 at

Legvold, R. (2005). “Cold War.” Article in Encyclopedia Encarta Online. Retrieved on May 28, 2005 at

While the U.S. represented democracy, individual liberty and capitalism, the U.S.S.R. was committed to the spread of the communist revolution among the ‘down-trodden’ masses of the world

The USSR had already established a pro-Communist provisional government in Poland before the end of the Second World War and the Communists had already gained control of Albania and Yugoslavia in 1944 and 1945 through overt propaganda and covert operations the other being ‘deterrence’

Cold War

Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Buy Custom Essay

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

Online Academic Help With Different Subjects


Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.


Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.

Computer science

Computer science is a tough subject. Fortunately, our computer science experts are up to the match. No need to stress and have sleepless nights. Our academic writers will tackle all your computer science assignments and deliver them on time. Let us handle all your python, java, ruby, JavaScript, php , C+ assignments!


While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.


Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.


In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.


Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.


We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!


We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.


Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.

What discipline/subjects do you deal in?

We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.

Are your writers competent enough to handle my paper?

Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.

What if I don’t like the paper?

There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.

Reasons being:

  • When assigning your order, we match the paper’s discipline with the writer’s field/specialization. Since all our writers are graduates, we match the paper’s subject with the field the writer studied. For instance, if it’s a nursing paper, only a nursing graduate and writer will handle it. Furthermore, all our writers have academic writing experience and top-notch research skills.
  • We have a quality assurance that reviews the paper before it gets to you. As such, we ensure that you get a paper that meets the required standard and will most definitely make the grade.

In the event that you don’t like your paper:

  • The writer will revise the paper up to your pleasing. You have unlimited revisions. You simply need to highlight what specifically you don’t like about the paper, and the writer will make the amendments. The paper will be revised until you are satisfied. Revisions are free of charge
  • We will have a different writer write the paper from scratch.
  • Last resort, if the above does not work, we will refund your money.

Will the professor find out I didn’t write the paper myself?

Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.

What if the paper is plagiarized?

We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.

When will I get my paper?

You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.

Will anyone find out that I used your services?

We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.

How our Assignment  Help Service Works

1.      Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2.      Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3.      Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4.      Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essaysmile and order essay PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A PERFECT SCORE!!!

order custom essay paper