Paper on Affirmative law in Michigan



Affirmative law is a policy erected by the government in order to support and protect the disadvantaged members of the minority groups in society through education, employment, or housing. The United States of America adopted the affirmative law in the early 1960s as a way to end racial discriminations during hiring processes and later stated to target on gender discrimination. (Neumark,2000).

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on November 7, 2006, elections, the Michigan Civil Rights Amendment appeared on the ballot. The amendment proposed to ban discrimination against the minority groups in the state. Michigan citizens voted and approved the amendment making Michigan be among the four states to pass and enact such policy. (Solorzano, 2000).

Affirmative policy in Michigan as brought both positive and negative effects. The positive effects have brought a smile to the citizens of the state; I, therefore, support the policy. Affirmative law policy increased diversity. Before this policy, the large population of the student at the University of Michigan was dominated by the white student, the blacks and the minorities could not get a chance for learning because they were under discrimination, but after the policy was passed, the population of a black student and the minorities increased.

In addition to that, it enabled to end violence against the minorities and facilitated equal sharing resources hence eradicating poverty which greatly affect their lifestyle and also their children education. Discrimination again was a major issue at the field of employment and at the workplace too, but this law as made an effort and increased the proportions of minorities at the workplace; furthermore, employers are prohibited against discrimination of their employees and should not refuse to hire anyone regardless of their skin color, gender or from the minorities groups. (Holzer, 2006).

The affirmative policy also promotes moral commitment. Through this, we can have the meaning of making a moral commitment in businesses and ensuring justice for all civilians. Therefore, moral values when enhanced at the workplace will enable free interaction among workers which brings about a conducive working environment at the workplace. Moreover, employees who come from minorities also have an alert of any promotions and job vacancy available from their employers.

This law also offers protection from hatred. Affirmative law acts as a complete shield to the minorities. Any assault against another person mainly on race or gender will be taken as a crime; therefore, anyone found guilty will face the law and this as help on the eradication of hatred in Michigan State.


From the discussion above, we see affirmative law is a rescue to the minorities and the black citizens of the Michigan as enable university admission for the entire students regardless of their background and color hence they will be able to get opportunities which will propel them to a bright future. Furthermore, it has secured employment for the minorities and also eradicated discrimination during the offering of job opportunities. Lastly, Michigan as a State made a step and set an example that other states should follow.


Allen, W. R., & Solorzano, D. (2000). Affirmative action, educational equity, and campus racial climate: A case study of the University of Michigan Law School. Berkeley La Raza LJ, 12, 237.

Cho, S. (2008). Post-racialism. Iowa L. Rev., 94, 1589.

Crosby, F. J., Iyer, A., & Sincharoen, S. (2006). Understanding affirmative action. Annu. Rev. Psychol., 57, 585-611.

Gurin, P., Lewis, E., Lehman, J. S., Lewis, P. E., Dey, E. L., Hurtado, S., & Gurin, G. (2004). Defending Diversity: Affirmative action at the University of Michigan. University MichiPress.

Hafalir, I. E., Yenmez, M. B., & Yildirim, M. A. (2013). Effective affirmative action in school choice. Theoretical Economics, 8(2), 325-363.

Holzer, H. J., & Neumark, D. (2000). What does affirmative action do?. I review, 53(2), 240-271.

Holzer, H. J., & Neumark, D. (2006). Affirmative action: What do we know?. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 25(2), 463-490.Wise, T. J. (2012). Affirmative action: Racial preference in black and white. Routledge.

Long, M. C. (2004). College applications and the effect of affirmative action. Journal of Econometrics, 121(1-2), 319-342.

Orfield, G. (2001). Diversity challenged: Evidence on the impact of affirmative action. Harvard Education Publishing Group, Harvard Graduate School of Education, 8 Story St., 5th floor, Cambridge, MA 02138.















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